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    voa慢速英語視頻:News Literacy Lesson 3: Establishing the Truth
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    voa慢速英語視頻:News Literacy Lesson 3: Establishing the Truth

    News Literacy Lesson 3: Establishing the Truth

    新聞素養第三課:建立真理

    Let’s examine the verification process a little closer. Becoming a literate news consumer requires us to be able to identify legitimate journalism. Legitimate journalism seeks truth. But how do we define that truth?

    讓我們仔細研究一下驗證過程。成為一個文學新聞的消費者需要我們能夠識別合法的新聞,合法新聞追求的是真理。但我們要怎樣定義真實呢?

    Truthful reporting comes from using facts that can be confirmed. All the details may not be known. But a news story should include the latest version of events based on verified facts.

    真實的報道使用的是可以證明的事實,雖然不可能知道所有的細節,但新聞報道應該包括基于事實的最新事件。

    Truth is a journey that evolves over time. It is not possible for us to read one newspaper on one day and get a complete picture of world events. We must seek out multiple sources: newspapers, magazines, television and – yes – the internet.

    真理是一段隨時間而演變的旅程,我們不可能在某一天讀一份報紙,了解到世界上所有事件的全部情況。我們必須通過多種渠道尋找:報紙、雜志、電視,當然還有互聯網。

    In Iran recently, massive street demonstrations took place throughout the country.

    最近,伊朗全國各地都發生了大規模的街頭示威活動。

    When news organizations reported on these events, the evidence was clear. Images of the protests appeared on television, in newspapers and on the internet. Literate news consumers could be certain the demonstrations took place.

    當新聞機構報道這些事件時,證據是明確的,抗議活動的圖像出現在電視、報紙和互聯網上,文學新聞的消費者可以確信發生了示威活動。

    But not all evidence is captured on digital equipment. Sometimes evidence comes in the most unreliable form – memory. It is well known that if a police officer interviews 10 witnesses about a crime, he will receive 10 different versions of events. Yet all were witnesses. A journalist seeking the truth should interview as many witnesses as possible in search of the true story.

    但并不是所有的證據都是在數字設備上捕捉到的,有時證據以最不可靠的形式出現-記憶。眾所周知,如果一名警官詢問一個案件的10名目擊者,他將收到10種關于事件的不同版本的說法,但他們都是目擊證人。尋求真相的記者應該采訪盡可能多的證人,以尋找事件的真相。

    One of the most exciting developments in the “smart phone age” is the ability to record events as they happen.

    “智能手機時代”中最令人興奮的發展之一是,當事件發生時,能隨時記錄。

    In May of 2017 former North Charleston, South Carolina police officer Michael Slager admitted in court to shooting and killing Walter Scott. But two years earlier, Officer Slager stated that Scott, pulled over for a traffic violation, had grabbed for his gun. Many news organizations reported Slager’s version of the incident. But the next day, a video emerged clearly showing that Slager was lying. He shot Scott in the back as he ran away. News organizations quickly corrected and updated their earlier reporting.

    2017年5月,前北查爾斯頓的南卡羅來納州警官邁克爾·斯雷格在法庭上承認槍殺了沃爾特·司各特。但是兩年前,斯雷格警官說司各特因為交通違規而被逮捕,并搶了他的槍。許多新聞機構報道了斯雷格對這起事件的陳述,但第二天,一段視頻的出現清晰地顯示出斯雷格在撒謊,當司各特跑走時,他在背后沖司各特開了槍。新聞機構迅速更正和更新了他們先前的報道。

    Verification is the responsibility of both news organizations and journalists. But a literate news consumer also checks often for updates or for corrections in stories because he realizes that sometimes – even journalists make mistakes.

    核查是新聞機構和記者共同的責任。但是,一個文學新聞消費者也經常核查以更新或修正新聞,因為他意識到,有時即使是記者也會犯錯。

    Next, we will examine balance and fairness.

    接下來,我們將研究平衡和公平。

    Words in This Story

    verification - n. to quickly take and hold (someone or something) with your hand or arms

    literate - adj. one who can read, write and understand

    consumer - n. one who uses or buys things

    journey - n. a trip

    multiple - adj. many, more than one or two

    grab - v. to quickly take and hold (someone or something) with your hand or arms

    emerge - v. to become known or apparent

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