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    VOA英語學習網 > 美國之音 > voa慢速英語 > 2019年VOA慢速英語 > As it is >
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    VOA慢速英語:通過人工受孕降臨的白犀牛在加利福尼亞州動物園出生

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    中英對照 聽力原文

    Rhinoceros Conceived Artificially Born at California Zoo

    通過人工受孕降臨的白犀牛在加利福尼亞州動物園出生

    A U.S.-based group is reporting the first successful artificial insemination birth of a southern white rhinoceros in North America.

    一個美國的組織報道稱首個通過人工授精產生的南方白犀牛在美國北部成功出生。

    The announcement came from San Diego Zoo Global, in San Diego, California. It describes the birth as an important step in saving another white rhino species from extinction.

    此宣告出自于加利福尼亞州圣地亞哥的圣地亞哥動物園全球。它將這次出生描述為拯救另外一種白犀牛物種免于滅絕的重要一步。

    San Diego Zoo Global said that mother Victoria gave birth Sunday to a healthy southern white rhino male at the San Diego Zoo Safari Park.

    圣地亞哥動物園全球表示犀牛媽媽維多利亞于周日在圣地亞哥野生動物園產下一頭健康的雄性南方白犀牛。

    “All of us at San Diego Zoo Global are (happy) with the arrival of this special rhino calf,” said Barbara Durrant. She works as the zoo’s director of reproductive science.

    “在圣地亞哥全球的所有人都對這頭特殊的犀牛幼崽的降臨感到很開心,”芭芭拉·杜蘭特表示。她在這個動物園擔任生殖科學主任。

    Doctors use artificial insemination methods to treat infertility in people and other creatures.

    醫生使用人工授精的方式治愈人類和其他物種的不育癥。

    San Diego Zoo Global reports that scientists gave Victoria a hormone, which caused her reproductive system to release an egg. Next, scientists injected semen from a male southern white rhino named Maoto. His reproductive fluid was collected and frozen before he died.

    圣地亞哥動物園全球報告稱科學家們給維多利亞注射了荷爾蒙。荷爾蒙可致使她的生殖系統釋放一顆卵子。接著科學家將從一只名為Maoto的雄性南方白犀牛那里獲得的精子注射入她體內。他的生殖液體是在他死之前收集并儲存起來的。

    Victoria’s pregnancy was confirmed in March of 2018. She carried her baby for over a year — 493 days. Mother and baby will be kept away from the public to give them time to form a relationship.

    在2018年三月確認了維多利亞已經懷孕。她孕育了她的胎兒一年多的時間也就是493天。媽媽和幼崽將被與牛群隔離以給它們時間去培養感情。

    The calf will eventually meet the other five female rhinos at the Nikita Kahn Rhino Rescue Center. One of the five is named Amani. Scientists expect her to give birth in September or October.

    這只小牛終將與其他五頭母犀牛在尼基塔卡恩犀牛救助中心接觸。這五頭犀牛中有一只叫做阿曼尼。科學家希望她能在九月或者十月生產。

    The new baby rhino “represents a critical step in our effort to save the northern white rhino from…extinction,” Durrant said.

    這只新生的幼崽“代表著我們在拯救北方白犀牛免于滅絕的努力中邁出的關鍵一步,”杜蘭特說。

    Only two northern white rhinos currently remain on Earth. Both are female. The last male northern white rhino, named Sudan, died in March 2018.

    現今地球上只生存了兩頭北方白犀牛。它們都是母犀牛。名為Sudan的最后一頭雄性北方白犀牛死于2018年3月。

    Scientists collected sperm from Sudan and other males before they died. Now, those scientists hope to use that sperm to help bring back the species.

    在Sudan和其他雄性犀牛死亡之前科學家從它們體內收集了精子。現在這些科學家希望利用那些精子去幫助恢復物種。

    Southern white rhinos are a sub-species, or smaller grouping, of northern white rhinos. Scientists say the southern white rhino female will soon be used to carry northern white rhino embryos. Using these processes, researchers believe that a northern white rhino baby could be born within 10 to 20 years.

    南方白犀牛是北方白犀牛的亞種或者更小的種群。科學家表示雌性南方白犀牛不久將被用來孕育北方白犀牛的胚胎。使用這些過程,研究人員認為一只北方白犀牛幼崽可在10到20年內被產下。

    Rhinos have long been hunted, and several sub-species are at risk of disappearing forever. The International Union for Conservation of Nature has put the southern white rhino on its Red List of Threatened Species.

    犀牛很久之前就被獵殺了以及幾種亞種也在面臨著永久消失的危機。世界自然保護聯盟已經將南方白犀牛列入瀕危物種紅色名錄。

    I’m Susan Shand.

    蘇珊·尚德為您報道。

    Rhinoceros Conceived Artificially Born at California Zoo

    A U.S.-based group is reporting the first successful artificial insemination birth of a southern white rhinoceros in North America.

    The announcement came from San Diego Zoo Global, in San Diego, California. It describes the birth as an important step in saving another white rhino species from extinction.

    San Diego Zoo Global said that mother Victoria gave birth Sunday to a healthy southern white rhino male at the San Diego Zoo Safari Park.

    “All of us at San Diego Zoo Global are (happy) with the arrival of this special rhino calf,” said Barbara Durrant. She works as the zoo’s director of reproductive science.

    Doctors use artificial insemination methods to treat infertility in people and other creatures.

    San Diego Zoo Global reports that scientists gave Victoria a hormone, which caused her reproductive system to release an egg. Next, scientists injected semen from a male southern white rhino named Maoto. His reproductive fluid was collected and frozen before he died.

    Victoria’s pregnancy was confirmed in March of 2018. She carried her baby for over a year — 493 days. Mother and baby will be kept away from the public to give them time to form a relationship.

    The calf will eventually meet the other five female rhinos at the Nikita Kahn Rhino Rescue Center. One of the five is named Amani. Scientists expect her to give birth in September or October.

    The new baby rhino “represents a critical step in our effort to save the northern white rhino from…extinction,” Durrant said.

    Only two northern white rhinos currently remain on Earth. Both are female. The last male northern white rhino, named Sudan, died in March 2018.

    Scientists collected sperm from Sudan and other males before they died. Now, those scientists hope to use that sperm to help bring back the species.

    Southern white rhinos are a sub-species, or smaller grouping, of northern white rhinos. Scientists say the southern white rhino female will soon be used to carry northern white rhino embryos. Using these processes, researchers believe that a northern white rhino baby could be born within 10 to 20 years.

    Rhinos have long been hunted, and several sub-species are at risk of disappearing forever. The International Union for Conservation of Nature has put the southern white rhino on its Red List of Threatened Species.

    I’m Susan Shand.

    ____________________________________________________________

    Words in this Story

    artificial insemination – n. a medical process in which male reproductive fluid is used to make a woman or female animal pregnant without sex

    species – n.

    extinction – n. the state or situation that results when something (such as a plant or animal species) has died out completely

    hormone – n. a substance produced in a living organisms and transported in tissue fluids

    semen – n. the sticky, whitish liquid that is produced by a male's sex organs

    embryo – n. a human or animal in the early part of development


    內容來自 VOA英語學習網http://www.kh771.com/show-8742-241804-1.html
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