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    VOA慢速英語:印度尼西亞總統支持為下沉的雅加達建設一座海墻

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    中英對照 聽力原文

    Indonesia’s President Supports a Sea Wall for Sinking Jakarta

    印度尼西亞總統支持為下沉的雅加達建設一座海墻

    Indonesia’s president said that he wants to build a large sea wall around Jakarta. The goal is to prevent the low-lying capital from being flooded by the sea.

    印度尼西亞總統表示他計劃在雅加達周圍建設一個巨大的海墻。該目標是為了阻止這個低洼的首都被海洋淹沒。

    But, President Joko Widodo and his government may not have a lot of time. Some experts forecast that, at the current rate, one-third of Jakarta might be under water by 2050.

    但是總統佐科·維多多和他的政府可能并沒有太多的時間。一些專家預計以目前的速率到2050年雅加達的三分之一可能會被水淹沒。

    The crisis facing the city is the result of many years of uncontrolled development. There has been little city planning. Many politicians have served business interests and not the public’s interest.

    這座城市面臨的危機是多年來無節制的發展造成的結果。這里幾乎沒有城市發展計劃。很多政治家服務于商業利益而非公眾的利益。

    Many of the city’s millions of people take ground water from wells because the water pipe system does not serve all areas. This has caused the city to slowly sink as the ground water beneath it disappears.

    這座城市里居住的數百萬人口中很多人從井中采取地下水因為水管道系統并不能普及到所有地區。隨著地下水的消失,這已經導致了這座城市緩慢地下陷。

    The ground has been sinking at an average rate of about 10 centimeters a year in some areas. Rising sea levels linked to climate change could make the problem worse in the future.

    在一些地區地面以平均每年約10厘米的速度下陷。與氣候變化相關的持續上升的海平面可能使得未來的問題變得更糟糕。

    Widodo told The Associated Press recently that it is time to move ahead with the sea wall project. The government began thinking about a wall about ten years ago.

    近期維多多告訴美聯社是時候該開始海墻工程了。政府在約十年前就開始考慮建設一睹墻了。

    “This huge project will need to be done quickly to prevent Jakarta from sinking under the sea,” he said.

    “這項巨大的工程將需要快速第完成以阻止雅加達下沉至海洋下面,”他說。

    Widodo, known as Jokowi in Indonesia, also discussed other plans for the development of Jakarta. The city and surrounding area is home to 30 million people but it has problems with pollution and congestion.

    維多多在印度尼西亞被叫做Jokowi。他也討論了雅加達發展的其他計劃。這座城市和周邊地區居住了3000萬人但是它已經出現了污染和交通擁堵的問題。

    Jokowi also restated that he wants to build a new capital city. He suggested that it would not be on the main island of Java, where 57 percent of the country’s nearly 270 million people live.

    喬科維也再次表明他計劃成立一個新的首都城市。他建議這個首都城市將不會建立在爪哇的主要島嶼上。這個國家的將近兩億七千萬人口的57%都住在那里。

    “We want to separate the capital, the center of government and Jakarta as a business and economic center,” he said. “We don’t want all the money existing only in Java. We want it to be outside Java as well.”

    他說“我們希望把首都、政府中心和作為一個商業和經濟中心的雅加達分開。”“我們不希望所有的錢只存在于爪哇上。我們想把錢放在爪哇之外。

    Jakarta’s flooding and earthquakes are also a problem. Widodo said, “we need to make sure our capital is safe from disasters.” He did not name the place where the new capital would be built.

    雅加達的洪水和地震也是一個問題。維多多表示,“我們需要確保我們的首都在災難面前是安全的。”他并沒有提到即將建設的新首都所在地的名稱。

    Jakarta has been called one of the world’s fastest sinking cities. It is close to the sea and 13 badly polluted rivers run through it. Too much ground water has been removed while heavy buildings have been built in many places.

    雅加達也被稱為世界上下沉速度最快的城市。它距離海洋很近并且13條嚴重污染的河流流經該國。當重的建筑物在很多地方被建起的同時太多的底下說被移走。

    Heri Andreas is a scientist at Indonesia’s Bandung Institute of Technology. He said that in some parts of northern Jakarta the ground is already 2 to 4 meters below sea level. He added that it is sinking by as much as 20 centimeters a year.

    安德烈亞斯是萬隆理工學院的一名專家。他說在雅加達北部的一些地區地面已經處于海平面兩到四米以下。他補充道它正在以每年20厘米的速度下降。

    At this rate, said Andreas, “95 percent of northern Jakarta will be underwater by 2050.”

    安德烈亞斯說道以這個速度雅加北部85%的地區將在2050年處于海水之下。

    He said water would cover about one-third of the city.

    他說水將覆蓋這座城市的三分之一。

    Andreas said it took time for his predictions to be taken seriously by Indonesian government officials. He is pleased the large sea wall is being planned.

    安德烈亞斯表示印尼的官員表示嚴肅對待它的預測需要花費時間。他對正在籌劃建設大型海墻感到很欣慰。

    The $42 billion project will have three stages. It will start with strengthening 30 kilometers of existing coastal dams. After that, 17 new islands will be built. This would be followed by building the large sea walls along the western and eastern part of the city’s coastline.

    這個耗資420億美元的工程項目將經歷三個階段。它將首先加固現有30公里海岸防護堤。繼而新建17個人工島。接下來在雅加達灣西側和東側建造巨大海墻。

    However, many politicians argue about the cost. There is also fear the wall will hurt the fishing industry.

    然而,很多政治家對成本進行辯論。也擔心這堵海墻會損害漁業。

    Andreas recently met with government officials. He said he believes a smaller sea wall project would be less costly.

    近期安德烈亞斯與政府官員見面。他說他認為一個更小型的海墻項目將會降低成本。

    In this smaller plan, a 20-kilometer-long wall would be built to protect areas most at risk. It would give the government more time to plan for the future.

    在這個更小型的計劃中,一個長達20公里的海墻將被箭射去保護最危險的區域。它將給政府更多的時間去完成未來的計劃。

    Fishermen are worried. Muara Angke is a small fishing port in northern Jakarta. Here, 63-year-old Pandi said the scientists are wrong. He says flooding is part of life on the waterfront.

    漁民也很擔心。麻拉紅溪是雅加達北部小漁港。在這里63歲的潘迪表示科學家錯了。他說洪水在海邊生活的一部分。

    “If we can’t work, we will suffer for a long time,” he said. “Sinking” below water, he said, “is just part of the risk.”

    “如果我們不能工作,我們會痛苦很長一段時間,”他說。他說下沉至海水之下只是危機的一部分。

    I’m Susan Shand.

    蘇珊·尚德為您報道。

    Indonesia’s President Supports a Sea Wall for Sinking Jakarta

    Indonesia’s president said that he wants to build a large sea wall around Jakarta. The goal is to prevent the low-lying capital from being flooded by the sea.

    But, President Joko Widodo and his government may not have a lot of time. Some experts forecast that, at the current rate, one-third of Jakarta might be under water by 2050.

    The crisis facing the city is the result of many years of uncontrolled development. There has been little city planning. Many politicians have served business interests and not the public’s interest.

    Many of the city’s millions of people take ground water from wells because the water pipe system does not serve all areas. This has caused the city to slowly sink as the ground water beneath it disappears.

    The ground has been sinking at an average rate of about 10 centimeters a year in some areas. Rising sea levels linked to climate change could make the problem worse in the future.

    Widodo told The Associated Press recently that it is time to move ahead with the sea wall project. The government began thinking about a wall about ten years ago.

    “This huge project will need to be done quickly to prevent Jakarta from sinking under the sea,” he said.

    Widodo, known as Jokowi in Indonesia, also discussed other plans for the development of Jakarta. The city and surrounding area is home to 30 million people but it has problems with pollution and congestion.

    Jokowi also restated that he wants to build a new capital city. He suggested that it would not be on the main island of Java, where 57 percent of the country’s nearly 270 million people live.

    “We want to separate the capital, the center of government and Jakarta as a business and economic center,” he said. “We don’t want all the money existing only in Java. We want it to be outside Java as well.”

    Jakarta’s flooding and earthquakes are also a problem. Widodo said, “we need to make sure our capital is safe from disasters.” He did not name the place where the new capital would be built.

    Jakarta has been called one of the world’s fastest sinking cities. It is close to the sea and 13 badly polluted rivers run through it. Too much ground water has been removed while heavy buildings have been built in many places.

    Heri Andreas is a scientist at Indonesia’s Bandung Institute of Technology. He said that in some parts of northern Jakarta the ground is already 2 to 4 meters below sea level. He added that it is sinking by as much as 20 centimeters a year.

    At this rate, said Andreas, “95 percent of northern Jakarta will be underwater by 2050.”

    He said water would cover about one-third of the city.

    Andreas said it took time for his predictions to be taken seriously by Indonesian government officials. He is pleased the large sea wall is being planned.

    The $42 billion project will have three stages. It will start with strengthening 30 kilometers of existing coastal dams. After that, 17 new islands will be built. This would be followed by building the large sea walls along the western and eastern part of the city’s coastline.

    However, many politicians argue about the cost. There is also fear the wall will hurt the fishing industry.

    Andreas recently met with government officials. He said he believes a smaller sea wall project would be less costly.

    In this smaller plan, a 20-kilometer-long wall would be built to protect areas most at risk. It would give the government more time to plan for the future.

    Fishermen are worried. Muara Angke is a small fishing port in northern Jakarta. Here, 63-year-old Pandi said the scientists are wrong. He says flooding is part of life on the waterfront.

    “If we can’t work, we will suffer for a long time,” he said. “Sinking” below water, he said, “is just part of the risk.”

    I’m Susan Shand.

    _______________________________________________

    Words in This Story

    forecast– n.the weather predicted for the future

    congestion– n.too full or crowed with people, vehicles

    stage– n. a part of a plan


    內容來自 VOA英語學習網http://www.kh771.com/show-8742-241802-1.html
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